(Armenian Oak or Pontine Oak)
Quercus pontica is deciduous tree, growing to 6-8m, which makes an outstanding specimen plant. It occurs naturally as a large, rounded shrub or short trunked tree but is also grown in a cultivated state as a single stemmed ornamental standard. It is native to a small area of the Caucasus mountains in western Georgia, north-east Turkey and Armenia.
The attractive leaves of Pontine Oak are large, growing up to 20cm long. They are ovate with a serrated margin, darkish green with a bluish underside. In Autumn they change to brilliant yellow and coppery brown.
In Spring, long golden catkins (the male flowers) hang in pendulous clusters as the foliage is beginning to emerge. The fruit is a large acorn, also produced in clusters, ripening in the Autumn.
The bark of Quercus pontica is attractive, yellowish green on young growth and becoming rough and irregularly fissured as it matures.
Name: Quercus pontica
Common Name: Armenian Oak or Pontine Oak
Height: 6-8m height, 4-6m spread, slow growing
Demands: Prefers an alkaline, well drained soil. Does not tolerate wetness.
Foliage: Large foliage with a serrated edge. Similar to Sweet Chestnut in appearance
Flower: Yellow pendulous male catkins in pring. Female flowers insignificant
Bark: Yellowish on young stems becoming grey-brown and fissured with age
Fruit: Large acorns in clusters ripen in Autumn
FACT: The name Quercus pontica comes from the Latin pontic meaning 'of or relating to the historical Pontus region of Asia Minor'.
Quercus pontica, 3-3.5m height and spread
Mature bark of Pontine Oak
Male catkins in spring
Large leathery foliage of Armenian Oak
Acorn clusters grow large by autumn
Quercus pontica 2-2.5m multistem
Autumn foliage of Armenian / Pontine Oak